Quick Answer: What Are Pests How Do They Attack Our Crops?

How can we prevent pests in organic farming?

Cultural practices – rely on a strategy to make the crop or habitat unacceptable to pests by interfering with their oviposition preferences, host plant discrimination or location by both adults and immatures.

Those can be achieved with practices such as crop isolation, mixed cropping, and crop rotation..

How do you control pests and diseases?

Chemical pesticides are often used to control diseases, pests or weeds. Chemical control is based on substances that are toxic (poisonous) to the pests involved. When chemical pesticides are applied to protect plants from pests, diseases or overgrowth by weeds, we speak of plant protection products.

What are crop pests and diseases?

Transboundary plant pests and diseases affect food crops, causing significant losses to farmers and threatening food security. … Locusts, armyworm, fruit flies, banana diseases, cassava diseases and wheat rusts are among the most destructive transboundary plant pests and diseases.

What are major pests?

7.1 Major pests. … Lepidopterous fruit borers are generally the most important pests affecting production. Other important species include various leaf- and flower-eating caterpillars and beetles, bark borers, scales, leaf mites, fruit-sucking bugs, fruit-piercing moths and fruit flies.

What are some examples of pests?

Examples of insect pests include:bedbugs.black ants.cockroaches.fleas.houseflies.moths​

What do farmers use to protect their crops?

Ensure all planting material and other farm inputs are pest, disease and weed free. Always use planting material or seeds that have been tested and certified as pest and disease free. Be aware of the common pests and diseases that occur on your crops.

How can we protect crops from pests?

Crop protection encompasses:Pesticide-based approaches such as herbicides, insecticides and fungicides.Biological pest control approaches such as cover crops, trap crops and beetle banks.Barrier-based approaches such as agrotextiles and bird netting.Animal psychology-based approaches such as bird scarers.More items…

What are the 3 methods of pest control?

Control methodsBiological pest control.Cultural control.Trap cropping.Pesticides.Physical pest control.Poisoned bait.Fumigation.Sterilization.More items…

What are the four main groups of pests?

Pests can be placed into four main categories:insects and closely related animals.plant diseases.weeds.vertebrates.

What are pests and diseases?

3 Pests and Diseases. … A pest is defined as an organism that occurs where it is not wanted (weeds, mosses and algaes) or an organism that has a detrimental effect on turf (fungi, insects, mammals and birds). Pest and diseases are generally broken down into different categories.

What are the common pest and diseases of rice?

Miscellaneous diseases and disordersCold injuryLow temperaturesPanicle blightCause undeterminedPecky rice (kernel spotting)Feeding injury by rice stink bug, Oebalus pugnaxRice tungroComplex virus (RTBV and RTSV) transmitted by green leafhopper Nephotettix spp.)4 more rows

What are the pests that attack crops?

10 most deadly bugs that destroy crop production1/11. 10 most deadly bugs that destroy crop production. Text: Nidhi Nath Srinivas, ET Bureau. … 2/11. Stem borer. How it Kills: Stem borers are caterpillars that eventually turn into yellow or brown moths. … 3/11. Bollworm. … 4/11. Thrips. … 5/11. Pod sucking bugs. … 6/11. Rootborer. … 7/11. Weevil. … 8/11. Mealybugs.More items…•

What are the different types of pests?

8 of the Most Common Household PestsAnts. Ants are one of the most common household pests. … Termites. Termites are the most destructive pests in the United States. … Flies. Flies can get into your home through windows, doors, or other openings. … Rats. … Mosquitos. … Cockroaches. … Bed Bugs. … Mice.

Why it is important to protect the crop?

Proper crop protection is important to produce higher quality crops with minimal wastage. This increase in productivity leads to less land, water and labour being required for food crops. With less land being used biodiversity is preserved and less greenhouse gases are emitted.